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thought suppression, people instructed to stop suppressing the thought and instead to begin thinking about it reported more intrusions of the thought than occurred without prior suppression. This “rebound effect” has since been observed repeatedly (see reviews by Abramowitz, Tolin, & Ironic effects occurring after thought suppression, also known as rebound effects, were consistently detected by previous meta-analyses. However, ironic effects that occur during thought suppression, also known as immediate enhancement effects, were found to be largely absent. Key Words mental control, intrusive thought, rebound effect, ironic processes Abstract Although thought suppression is a popular form of mental control, research has indicated that it can be counterproductive, helping assure the very state of mind one had hoped to avoid.
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J. Gayle Beck, Berglind Gudmundsdottir, Sarah A. Palyo, Luana M. Miller, DeMond M. Grant University at Buffalo–SUNY This study was designed to examine the effects of deliberate suppression of trauma-related thoughts in 44 individuals Researchers found that thought suppression attempts resulted in a rebound effect that was especially pronounced when subjects were …show more content… However suppression was never complete as subjects continued to report instances of thought more than once per minute (mean of 6.78) during the suppression period. thought suppression, people instructed to stop suppressing the thought and instead to begin thinking about it reported more intrusions of the thought than occurred without prior suppression.
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51:59-91. Abstract. Although thought suppression is a popular form of mental control, research has indicated that it can be counterproductive, helping assure the very state of mind one had hoped to avoid. In accordance with research on thought suppression in waking states, which explains the effect by processes that increase the target's accessibility (for a meta‐analysis see Abramowitz et al., 2001), our results show increased dreaming of target thoughts, increased dream distress and increased perceived stress in the suppression condition.
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7 Nov 2020 Consistent with our predictions, rebound effects were observed regardless of cognitive load while immediate enhancement effects were only Meditation, mindfulness and other tools can help avoid unwanted thoughts. suppressing the thought for the first five minutes caused it to "rebound" even more 5 Apr 2021 Although a natural reaction for many people with OCD is to try and push these intrusive thoughts away, that may make obsessions worse. In early investigations researchers demonstrated that the suppression of a particular thought often resulted in the subsequent increased return of the unwanted waking-life emotions than low thought suppressors. This finding was in line with the effect known as “dream rebound”: thoughts suppressed during wakefulness thoughts, Salkovskis and Campbell (1994) found an enhancement (i.e.
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According to this theory, here’s what happens when I want to stop a recurrent thought in its tracks: First I distract myself by intentionally thinking about something else. Wegner, Daniel M., David J. Schneider, Samuel R. Carter, and Teri L. White. "Paradoxical Effects of Thought Suppression." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 53.1 (1987): 5-13. McGonigal, Kelly.
Measures of anxiety and appraisals of thought suppression failure had significant correlations with thought intrusion frequencies in both intervals of the thought suppression task. Measures of OCD related appraisals and symptoms
Ironic process theory, ironic rebound, or the white bear problem refers to the psychological process whereby deliberate attempts to suppress certain thoughts make them more likely to surface.   An example is how when someone is actively trying not to think of a white bear they may actually be more likely to imagine one.
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